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Início » Data protection law: General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

Data protection law: General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

What does GDPR stand for?


It’s named the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), and it’s meant to protect the personal data of everyone who lives or visits the European Union (EU). Replace the 1995 Data Protection Directive and any data privacy laws passed by individual EU member states. The GDPR’s primary goals are to:


  • A fundamental human right should be set up to protect people’s data, including their right to be able to see, correct, erase, or move their data.
  • Strengthen the rules and responsibilities for protecting people’s personal information.
  • Data protection rules across the EU should be the same, which will make it easier for people to move their data inside and outside of the EU and the European Economic Area (EEA).


GDPR Definition of Personal Data


In the GDPR, personal data is any data used to identify one person or group Examples:


  • A person’s height or weight and DNA, fingerprints, or facial recognition images. A person’s gait or voice and how they walk or talk.
  • Genetic traits are passed down from mother to child, such as ethnic or racial traits.
  • Health records, such as physical and mental conditions and healthcare codes.
  • In addition to these, other types of data are also collected. These include online identifiers like IP addresses and cookies; device identifiers like MAC addresses; personal identifying information (PII) like a name or an employee number; emails and instant messages; photos; and data about a person’s culture and economic social life.


The Territorial Scope of a person


GDPR rules, which arrived into effect on May 25, 2018, apply to any company that sells goods or services to somebody in the EU, even if the company doesn’t have a physical location in the EU/EEA. Non-compliance can show fines of up to €20,000,000 or 4% of an organization’s global revenue.


Who is affected by the GDPR?


The GDPR rules are used by any company that stores or processes personal data, as defined above, about people from the European Union. The important thing is that this includes companies that don’t work or have offices in the EU.


Because it fulfills one of the following conditions, it is covered by the GDPR


  • Has a business in an EU country.
  • It doesn’t have an office in an EU country, but it processes personal data from people in Europe.
  • Over 250 people work for the company.
  • People who work for this company have less than 250 employees, but they often process data that could harm the rights of people in Europe or who have sensitive personal information, as defined by the GDPR law.


When it comes to GDPR compliance, who is in charge at work?


Article 39 of the legislation says that an organization must hire a GDPR Data Protection Officer (DPO), who is in charge of overseeing the organization’s GDPR compliance, as well as the organization’s data protection strategy and implementation.


The job of the data protection officer is to do this:


  • Employees will be taught about their responsibilities under the GDPR.
  • Assessing and auditing the company to make sure it meets the GDPR’s rules about data processing
  • serves as a way for the company to get in touch with the proper GDPR authority.
  • Answer questions from people about how their data is used and kept safe.
  • People who have their data can see or get rid of it.


GDPR Rights: What are the rights of a data subject?


The rights that the legislator wants to protect must be known to follow the GDPR. Under the GDPR, people who have their personal information can do the following things.


  • Right to know how companies get their personal information, how long they keep it, how they operate it, who they communicate it with, and how long they keep it.
  • The right to see the personal information that companies collect and get a copy of the data.
  • The right to correct (fix) data that isn’t complete or correct.
  • It’s called the “right to be forgotten” when a company deletes the personal information about you. Some exceptions, like when businesses need the data to meet their legal obligations.
  • The right to limit the use of personal data by data controllers, even if the person can’t ask for it to be deleted.
  • The right to information portability suggests that people can get and use their data and ask companies to send it electronically to other people.
  • For example, people have a right to stop their data from being used for scientific research. Companies can show that the use of the data is legal.
  • It’s essential that you know when an algorithm makes a decision and that you can ask for a human review, too.


GDPR Solutions from Imperva


Cloud-based data stores are all protected by Imperva to make sure they meet GDPR and other standards, as well as keep the agility and cost benefits of your cloud investments.


  • To keep up with DevOps, you need to make it easier to protect your cloud databases. Imperva’s solution lets people who use cloud-managed services quickly get a better look at and control of their cloud data.
  • Analytics, protection, and response are provided by Imperva across your data assets, both on-premise and in the cloud. This allows you to prevent data breaches and avoid compliance violations because you can see how your data is used. Integrate with any database so you can see everything at once, set the same rules for everyone, and speed the time to value.
  • A tool called Data Risk Analysis lets you automate the detection of non-compliant, dangerous, or malicious information access behavior across all of your databases. This will speed up the process of fixing problems.


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